Hinduism (Hindu Today, Hinduism, English: Hinduism, Hindi: हिन्दू धर्म, Sanskrit: सनातनधर्मः), Hinduism, Hinduism, Hinduism, and Hinduism. Religious or Indian tradition. It is a term created in Western Europe. The number of Hindus is estimated to be 1 billion in India, and more than 1.1 billion including believers in other countries. It is the third religion in the world in terms of population, following Christianity and Islam.
Etymology and name
“Hindu” The origin of Hindu is Persian, which corresponds to sindhu in Sanskrit, which means the Indus River. It was used to mean “people who live on the opposite bank of the Indus River (from Persia)”, was introduced to Western Europe, and was imported back into India and settled. (The same word was transmitted through Western Europe to Western Europe and became India, which was also imported back into India and became established. In the Chinese translation, it was translated as poison, India, and “Indo” by Gen Xi has become established. This name has spread since the British Empire adopted it as a comprehensive name for indigenous ethnic religions during the colonial era of India. For this reason, the English Hindu is now generally used in comparison with Muslims today, and is an Indian-like majority of more than 500 million people in India excluding small religions other than Muslims. It is a general term for the members of the religious denominations.
English Hinduism, also translated Hinduism, has the broadest meaning and usage in India, and also includes everything that once existed, though in Indian history it goes back to the prehistoric Indus civilization. , In general, it refers to the Indian tradition of the Aryan people who settled in India and continue to the present day. Of these, the religion that existed before Buddhism (Brahmanism), especially the religious thought of the Vedic era is sometimes called the Vedic religion (Vedic Religion), which is a name created in Western Europe. Nobuyoshi Kawasaki, an Indian philosopher, said that these usages correspond to the usages of the Buddhist Buddhism, which corresponds to the Buddhism and Uchido in the Japanese translation of the Buddhist scriptures. There is.
When Hinduism is used in a narrow sense, it was developed and became influential after the rise of Buddhism, especially in consideration of the theological religion of Shiva and Vishnu as a popular religious movement after the Middle Ages and early modern times. It is often called.
In Japan, idiomatic notation is called Hinduism, Hinduism, generally Hinduism, but it is sometimes called Indianism. It is also called “Indokyo” in China and South Korea, but today India is a secular nation and has no state religion, so it is not called this way in India.